ABCT Spiritual & Religious Issues Special Interest Group

SIG Poster Session 2016

Friday, Oct 28, 6:30 PM - 8:00 PM, Broadway Ballroom, Floor 6

Annual SIG Meeting

Friday, Oct 28, 9:15 AM - 10:15 AM, Harlem Room, Floor 7

Panel Discussion

Spirituality and Religion in CBT: What Clinicians Can Learn From the Teachings of Different Religions
Sunday, October 30, 8:15-9:45 AM, Room: Ziefeld, Floor Number 4
Moderator: Jeremy Cummings
Panelists: E. Thomas Dowd, David Rosmarin, Mehmet Sungur, and Dennis Tirch

Poster Session 11

Saturday, Oct 29, 12:50 PM - 1:45 PM
#A13 Religious Affiliation as a Predictor of Receptivity to Mindfulness Practice
  Authors: Marquita Carter, Neha Mistry, Ezra Cohen, et al.

#A14 Stearns-McKinney Assessment of Religious Traits: Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  Authors: Melanie Stearns & Cliff McKinney

#A15 Parental and Personal Religiosity in Emerging Adults: Moderated Mediation by Parental Warmth and Overprotection and Gender
  Authors: Melanie Stearns & Margaret Byars

Poster Session 11

Saturday, Oct 29, 12:50 PM - 1:45 PM
#A16 The Relationship Among Depression, Infertility-Related Distress, and Religiosity Among Infertile Muslim Women Living in the West
  Authors: Mirzya Syed, Mona Elgohail, & Pamela Geller

#C64 The Impact of Religious Affiliation on Reasons for Living and Self-Directed Violence
  Authors: Emily M. Cox, Natalie Perkins, & Amy Brausch

Poster Session 12

Saturday, Oct 29, 2:00 PM - 2:55 PM
-#C85 Caregiver Family Cohesion, Religiosity, and Interdependence as Predictors of Attrition from a Culturally Informed Treatment for Schizophrenia
  Authors: Kayla Gurak & Amy Weisman de Mamani

Poster Session 13

Saturday, Oct 29, 4:40 PM - 5:35 PM
#B69 Intolerance of Uncertainty and Reactions to Intrusive Thoughts: An Examination Using an In Vivo Thought-Induction Task Among Religious Individuals
  Authors: Channing J. Cochran & Thomas Fergus

Poster Session 14

Sunday, Oct 30, 8:00 AM - 8:55 AM
#C84 Religion, Moral Thought-Action Fusion, and Obsessive-Compulsive Features in Israeli Muslims and Jew
  Authors: Jedidiah Siev, Amitai Abramovitch, & Jamie Ginberg, et al.

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Why Are Spirituality & Religion Important For Psychology?

A recent Gallup Poll (2010) reported that 54% of a representative sample in the United States indicated that spirituality and religion are very important in their own lives.

A rich body of empirical literature has tied spirituality/religion to psychological health. In one recent systematic review of 850 studies, 80% demonstrated positive relationships between spiritual/religious beliefs and practices and greater life satisfaction (Koenig and Larson, 2001), and nearly two thirds of studies found that spiritual/religious individuals experienced lower rates of anxiety and depression.

Consistent evidence also indicates that spirituality/religion play a vital resource in the process of coping with psychological distress for many individuals (Pargament, 1997).

A burgeoning literature highlights the importance of integrating spirituality into psychotherapy (Pargament, 2007).

The Relationship Between the Field of Psychology & Spirituality

Psychology and mental health disciplines have shied away from the study of spiritual issues as they relate to basic and applied research. As a result, many questions about the relevance of spirituality/religion to human psychology remain unanswered. For example:

What are the mechanisms by which this domain relates to human anxiety, depression and other symptoms? How can patient spirituality be integrated into evidence-based treatments? When should this be facilitated, and how might doing so impact treatment efficacy and treatment dissemination?

Without evidence-based answers to these questions, most clinicians are never trained in basic core competencies in how to assess for and address patient spirituality in treatment (Pargament, 2007).

A responsible, scientific framework is needed to examine human spirituality in the context of modern psychology.

Advances in the Area of Psychology and Spirituality/Religion

While most existing spiritually integrated treatments have not been cognitive-behavioral in modality, several successful attempts have integrated spirituality and religion into cognitive behavioral and rational-emotive behavioral therapy (e.g., Johnson, DeVries, Ridley, Pettorini, & Peterson, 1994; Propst, Ostrom, Watkins, Dean, & Mashburn, 1992; Azhar, Varma & Dharap, 1994; Nielsen, Johnson, & Ellis, 2001).

Spiritually-integrated cognitive behavioral therapy (SI-CBT) is similar to conventional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) except that the rationale for treatment is presented in a spiritual framework, and selected religious beliefs are utilized to counter maladaptive beliefs (Robb, 1988; Nielsen, 2001).

Spiritual/religious practices can be purposefully included in treatment as behavioral activation strategies with the intention of increasing positive emotions such as gratitude and hope (Paukert, et al., 2009).

While research on treatments is still in its early stages, more than 30 clinical trials have been conducted, including several prominent randomized controlled studies (e.g., Propst, Ostrom, Watkins, Dean, & Mashburn, 1992; Rye, et al., 2005; Oman Hedberg & Thoresen, 2006; Wachholtz & Pargament, 2009; see Hook, et al., 2009 for a review).